Troubleshooting a SMB/CIFS Mount Problem
posted at January 8, 2015 with tags cifs, kernel, linux, samba

At every introduction to a new office environment, I spend (waste?) a certain period of time to connect to network shares through CIFS/SMB. This was not different at my new work place either. After spending almost two days to troubleshoot the problem, I figured out that the problem was due to the missing /sbin/request-key binary provided by keyutils package in Xubuntu 14.04 LTS. So how did I really get it solved?

# Defining the Problem

It is really sick that cifs kernel module which is responsible for loading CIFS/SMB filesystems returns EINVAL (that is, error(22): Invalid argument) for an entire family of errors and makes it impossible for the user to spot the problem. This was also the case for me.

$sudo mount \ -t cifs //path/to/network/shares /local/mount/point \ -o credentials=$HOME/.smbcredentials,iocharset=utf8,rw,uid=$USER,serverino mount error(22): Invalid argument Refer to the mount.cifs(8) manual page (e.g. man mount.cifs)  So given that the UNC is correct, the local mount point does exist and accessible, and mount options are valid, invalid argument error does not provide any context for the problem. Further searching on the internet leaded me to LinuxCIFS troubleshooting at Samba Wiki. There it is told that I can enable debug messages for cifs module by echoing a non-zero value to /proc/fs/cifs/cifsFYI, hence I did so: $ echo 1 | sudo tee /proc/fs/cifs/cifsFYI


And tried to mount the network share again. And observed the following snippet in the dmesg output:

CIFS VFS: dns_resolve_server_name_to_ip: unable to resolve: path
CIFS VFS: compose_mount_options: Failed to resolve server part of \\path\to\network\shares to IP


So dns_resolve_server_name_to_ip could not resolve path for some reason.

# DNS at the Kernel-Level

So how does kernel really resolve domain names to IP addresses? After reading mount.cifs(8) a couple of times, I saw See Also section telling that Documentation/filesystems/cifs.txt in the linux kernel source tree may contain additional options and information. I checked that too and spotted the following lines:

DFS support allows transparent redirection to shares in an MS-DFS name space. In addition, DFS support for target shares which are specified as UNC names which begin with host names (rather than IP addresses) requires a user space helper (such as cifs.upcall) to be present in order to translate host names to ip address, and the user space helper must also be configured in the file /etc/request-key.conf. Samba, Windows servers and many NAS appliances support DFS as a way of constructing a global name space to ease network configuration and improve reliability.

To use cifs Kerberos and DFS support, the Linux keyutils package should be installed and something like the following lines should be added to the /etc/request-key.conf file:

create cifs.spnego * * /usr/local/sbin/cifs.upcall %k
create dns_resolver * * /usr/local/sbin/cifs.upcall %k


This was getting interesting. I spotted the dns_resolver keyword at the bottom and started reading Documentation/networking/dns_resolver.txt as well.

The DNS resolver module provides a way for kernel services to make DNS queries by way of requesting a key of key type dns_resolver. These queries are upcalled to userspace through /sbin/request-key.

The long story short, CIFS module employs DNS resolver module, which internally upcalls the queries to userspace through /sbin/request-key. I got further curious and checked the request-key(8):

This program is invoked by the kernel when the kernel is asked for a key that it doesn’t have immediately available. The kernel creates a partially set up key and then calls out to this program to instantiate it. It is not intended to be called directly.

# The Solution

Everything was pointing that something was wrong with my /sbin/request-key. Ooops! The binary was not there at all. apt-file search /sbin/request-key told that the binary was provided by keyutils package, which was missing in my system. After installing keyutils, I did not observe any DNS resolver issues in the dmesg logs and mount.cifs worked without a problem.